The popularity of Hindi is gradually dwindling. Somehow people have started believing that knowing this language won’t do any good to them. Everyone is in a rush to get their children enrolled in English medium schools in order to enhance their children’s fluency in English. Yes, it is indeed very important to know English language because English is used as a lingua franca among many people.
But why has it become necessary to overlook the Hindi language?
These days some people have literally started bashing and mocking Hindi speakers who are not fluent in English. One must always remember that English is just a language and acquiring the English writing or speaking skill does not define the IQ of an individual. Unfortunately, the Hindi speakers themselves are loosing their pride in their own language. Most of the parents have stopped buying Hindi novels for their children.
Have you ever tried to know about the great Hindi laureates and have you read the books written by them? This Hindi Diwas try to leave behind your prejudices and acknowledge the sanctity of the great Hindi writers. Here’s remembering some of the finest writers of Hindi literary world.
The “modern Meera” was a woman rights activist, freedom fighter and educationist. Mahadevi was appointed as the first headmistress of Allahabad Mahila Vidyapeeth, which was started with a view to imparting cultural and literary education to girls through Hindi medium. Later, she became chancellor of the institute. Her prose “Shrinkhala ki Kadiyan” deals with the plight of women.
In the year 1956 she was honored with the Padma Bhushan by the President of India. Her poetry collection (Yama 1936) received the Jnanpith Award, one of the highest Indian literary awards. She was the first women to be awarded with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in the year 1979. In the year 1988, the Indian Government bestowed her with Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award.
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He was was born in a very humble family and was the fourth child of his parents. In 1900, Premchand secured a job as an assistant teacher at the Government District School, Bahraich, at a monthly salary of Rs 20. During that time widows were ostracized and he was such a great advocate of women rights that he himself married a child widow, Shivarani Devi. His great novel “Nirmala” explicitly exhibits his support for women.
In 1905, inspired by the national activism, he published an article on the Indian National Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale in Zamana. His novel “Gaban” focuses on the greed of middle class, is a must read. His novel “Godan” is considered as one of the finest novels of Hindi literature.
Suryakant Tripathi, Nirala’s life was filled with tragedy and loneliness at every stage of his life. He had to come across several misfortunes in his life. His mother died when he was very young. At a young age, Nirala tied the knot with Manohara Devi and learnt Hindi at the insistence of his wife. Nirala had had a few good years with his wife and they were blessed with a daughter “Saroj”. Unfortunately, his wife died when he was 20. Later on his daughter too passed away. This led him to write a heart wrenching poetry “Saroj Smriti” in remembrance of his daughter.
However nothing deterred Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ from pursuing his interest in studying various Indian languages and writing beautiful poetries, novels and stories. He wrote strongly against social injustice and exploitation prevalent in society. Nationalism and revolution were the chief contents of his writing.
Ramdhari Singh “Dinkar” is considered as a poet of rebellion. He wrote ten poems based on his Satyagraha which was published as a book “Vijay Sandesh”(Message of Victory). During the time of emergency, Dinkar’s famous poem: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai (“Vacate the throne, for the people are coming”) was recited by JayPrakash Narayan in front of one lakh people at the Ramlila grounds.
The book “Sanskrit Ke Char Adhyay” written by Dinkar depicts his views on the unity India. He said that despite various cultures, topographies and languages India stands united.
His mother died 6 hours after his birth and it seems that the negligence and lack of love influenced his writings. He authored twenty-eight published works including poetry, verse plays and essays.
In 1968, Pant became the first Hindi poet to receive the Jnanpith Award, India’s highest award for literature.